Preterm birth,Pregnancy,Caesarean section,Birth,Childbirth,Infant,Gestational age,Gestation

Planned early births tied to developmental problems in kids

November 7, 2016
in Kids

(Reuters Health) - Children born in deliveries planned just a week before the end of a typical pregnancy may be more likely to experience health, learning and behavior issues by the time they're ready for school than kids born at full term, a study suggests. Plenty of previous research has found premature infants often have difficulty breathing and digesting food. Some preemies also encounter longer-term challenges such as impaired vision, hearing, and cognitive skills as well as social and behavioral problems. Pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks, and babies born after 37 weeks are considered full term. In the current study, though, babies born in planned births at 37 weeks were 26 percent more likely to have developmental problems than infants born at 40 weeks. The increased risk for deliveries planned at 38 weeks was 13 percent. Planned births might include labor inductions or surgical cesarean section deliveries. "While the association between being born earlier (lower gestational age) and poorer developmental outcomes is well established, our results revealed that poor development is further exacerbated in the case of planned birth, where a considered decision made to deliver an infant determines gestational age," said lead study author Jason Bentley of the University...

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